Angela Tung in The Week lists weird taxes through the years.
Poll Tax: In the 19th century United States, the poll tax as a requirement for voting emerged “as a means of restricting eligible voters,” such as African Americans, Native Americans, and poor whites. In 1937, the poll tax was found to be unconstitutional.
Sheriff Tooth: In 13th century England, the sheriff-tooth was levied for “the service of providing entertainment for the sheriff at his county courts.” Between 1327 and 1377, according to the OED, residents of Derbyshire, a county in England, complained of the sheriff-tooth as “wrongful exaction,” akin to extortion.
Wax Scot: Wax candles don’t come cheap, or at least they didn’t in 17th century England. Parishioners were required to pay a wax-scot “to supply the church with wax candles.” Wax-scot is also known as wax-shot. Shot meaning “discharge of a weapon” comes from the Old English gesceot, which also means “payment.” This is also where we get the term scot-free, “without having to pay.”